"The meaning behind the tradition"
Exposition followed by a presentation that explained the creation of the Sugar Skulls, Catrinas and Skull Masks as icons of the Mexican Culture.
Flagler beach Library presents a display of Sugar Skulls • Masks and Catrinas from October 11th to November 1st. A short explanation of this elements, and their meaning, will be presented in November 1st. at 11:00 am. Free admission.
The elements displayed , are part of the most important Mexican Tradition,"dia de muertos ""Day of the death" . This tradition, has incorporated elements with roots back, from the pre-hispanic times, the years of the Revolution and actual days.
They believe, that the gates of heaven are opened; and the spirits of relatives and friends deceased, come down to enjoy the festivities, that are prepared for them. In most Mexican villages, beautiful altars (ofrendas) are made in each home. This festivity is also taking to the cementry, were people clean tumbs, spend the night, praying, singing, and eating the favorite food of the deceased.
Sugars Skulls, and Pan de muerto , were incorporated in the ofrenda on the revolution times.This was a transformation from the prehispanic rituals that offered , skulls to their Gods.This decorative candy is now being duplicated in all kind of commercial items, due to his attractive bright colors and designs
Skull Masks are a symbol of the ability of the people to get in touch with their chaotic dark side. Face painting as skull or wearing a mask, is a chance to overcome fear of death.
Calaveras, were created by Jose Guadalupe Posada, as a satirical portrait of events, politicians, and nobles from the time.
Jose Guadalupe Posada, was an ink drawer and writer and his work strongly represents the unique way that Mexicans deal with the death.
Jose Guadalupe Posada created, the well known drawing of an skull woman called "calaca, garbancera" ; and wrote:
"The make-up and expensive dressed women will be, in the years to come, the funny skulls"
Diego Rivera, famous muralist, introduced the name Catrina ; and painted her in his mural " Un domingo en la Alameda" that shows parts of Mexico events in those days.
Catrina , is a dressed skeleton, and represents the French influence , on Mexico by aristocratic women wearing make-up, expensive European clothing , and denying their Indian origin.
During the festivities , of Dia de Muertos , girls like to dress as Catrinas.
This tradition has been well adopted in different parts of the world.
The main element of the Catrina is the hat ; and its confection can take, weeks or months.
The details and artistic work on the Catrinas , use diverse materials from paper mache to talavera.
Catrinas, were designated in 2003, World’s Cultural Heritage, by UNESCO